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56                       THE FATE OF MAN

because in him there is seen the image of
God, or the existence of this image may be
denied, and with it all freedom and value of
the individual man. Either the privileges of
the nobility may be extended to all mankind,
raising all to the level of nobility, since human
dignity was first recognized for the aristocracy,
or all men may be deprived of these privileges
and transformed into an enslaved proletariat,
We may conceive cither a general aristocratiza-
tion of human society, or a general democratiza-
tion which would mean lowering the level of all
human qualities. At the moment the process
is evidently moving in the latter direction, and
hence the problem of society is above all the
problem of man. The anthropological question
strikes deeper than the purely sociological

At the time of the Renaissance the freedom of
human thought was proclaimed, but the dialectic
of that emancipatory process led to the trans-
formation of freedom of thought into "free-
thought," This is a new dogma quite different
from freedom of thought. " Free-thought" has
proved to be a compression or even a denial
of man's spiritual life. And true freedom of
thought will confirm, not free-thought, but the
truth of Christianity. The emancipation did
not set free the whole man, it simply liberated
thought itself, as a sphere quite apart from human